Advances in orthobiologics and non-degradable and resorbable synthetic biomaterials provide the required mechanical and biological benefits for bone grafting and fusion, motion preservation in the spine, tissue fixation, and cartilage, tendon, ligament, and meniscal repair. Biomedical textile components can be engineered from combinations of polymers, metals, and biologic material filaments into ordered composite orthopedic structures.
Biomedical textile structures can accommodate static or dynamic loads while facilitating tissue ingrowth. The geometry of such a biomedical structure can be customized to affect porosity, control tissue integration, or act as a tissue barrier. These structures are also suitable for minimally invasive delivery applications due to their inherently compressible and shape-transformable properties.